darshan-core.c 39.7 KB
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/*
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 * Copyright (C) 2015 University of Chicago.
 * See COPYRIGHT notice in top-level directory.
 *
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 */

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#define _XOPEN_SOURCE 500
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#define _GNU_SOURCE
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#include "darshan-runtime-config.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_MNTENT_H
#include <mntent.h>
#endif
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#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <pthread.h>
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#include <fcntl.h>
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#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
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#include <sys/mman.h>
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#include <sys/vfs.h>
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#include <zlib.h>
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#include <mpi.h>
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#include <assert.h>
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#include "uthash.h"
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#include "darshan.h"
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#include "darshan-core.h"
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#include "darshan-dynamic.h"
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extern char* __progname;
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extern char* __progname_full;
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/* internal variable delcarations */
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static struct darshan_core_runtime *darshan_core = NULL;
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static pthread_mutex_t darshan_core_mutex = PTHREAD_RECURSIVE_MUTEX_INITIALIZER_NP;
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static int my_rank = -1;
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static int nprocs = -1;
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static int darshan_mem_alignment = 1;
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/* paths prefixed with the following directories are not traced by darshan */
char* darshan_path_exclusions[] = {
"/etc/",
"/dev/",
"/usr/",
"/bin/",
"/boot/",
"/lib/",
"/opt/",
"/sbin/",
"/sys/",
"/proc/",
NULL
};

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#ifdef DARSHAN_BGQ
extern void bgq_runtime_initialize();
#endif

/* array of init functions for modules which need to be statically
 * initialized by darshan at startup time
 */
void (*mod_static_init_fns[])(void) =
{
#ifdef DARSHAN_BGQ
    &bgq_runtime_initialize,
#endif
    NULL
};

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#define DARSHAN_CORE_LOCK() pthread_mutex_lock(&darshan_core_mutex)
#define DARSHAN_CORE_UNLOCK() pthread_mutex_unlock(&darshan_core_mutex)

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/* FS mount information */
#define DARSHAN_MAX_MNTS 64
#define DARSHAN_MAX_MNT_PATH 256
#define DARSHAN_MAX_MNT_TYPE 32
struct mnt_data
{
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    int block_size;
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    char path[DARSHAN_MAX_MNT_PATH];
    char type[DARSHAN_MAX_MNT_TYPE];
};
static struct mnt_data mnt_data_array[DARSHAN_MAX_MNTS];
static int mnt_data_count = 0;

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/* prototypes for internal helper functions */
static void darshan_get_logfile_name(
    char* logfile_name, int jobid, struct tm* start_tm);
static void darshan_log_record_hints_and_ver(
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    struct darshan_core_runtime* core);
static void darshan_get_exe_and_mounts_root(
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    struct darshan_core_runtime *core, int argc, char **argv);
static void darshan_get_exe_and_mounts(
    struct darshan_core_runtime *core, int argc, char **argv);
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static void darshan_block_size_from_path(
    const char *path, int *block_size);
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static void darshan_get_shared_records(
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    struct darshan_core_runtime *core, darshan_record_id **shared_recs,
    int *shared_rec_cnt);
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static int darshan_log_open_all(
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    char *logfile_name, MPI_File *log_fh);
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static int darshan_deflate_buffer(
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    void **pointers, int *lengths, int count, char *comp_buf,
    int *comp_buf_length);
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static int darshan_log_write_record_hash(
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    MPI_File log_fh, struct darshan_core_runtime *core,
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    uint64_t *inout_off);
static int darshan_log_append_all(
    MPI_File log_fh, struct darshan_core_runtime *core, void *buf,
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    int count, uint64_t *inout_off);
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static void darshan_core_cleanup(
    struct darshan_core_runtime* core);
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/* *********************************** */

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void darshan_core_initialize(int argc, char **argv)
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{
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    struct darshan_core_runtime *init_core = NULL;
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    int internal_timing_flag = 0;
    double init_start, init_time, init_max;
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    char mmap_log_name[PATH_MAX];
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    int mmap_fd;
    int mmap_size;
    int sys_page_size;
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    char *envstr;
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    char *jobid_str;
    int jobid;
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    int ret;
    int tmpval;
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    int i;
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    DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Comm_size)(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &nprocs);
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    DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Comm_rank)(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &my_rank);
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    if(getenv("DARSHAN_INTERNAL_TIMING"))
        internal_timing_flag = 1;

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    if(internal_timing_flag)
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        init_start = DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Wtime)();

    /* setup darshan runtime if darshan is enabled and hasn't been initialized already */
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    if(!getenv("DARSHAN_DISABLE") && !darshan_core)
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    {
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        #if (__DARSHAN_MEM_ALIGNMENT < 1)
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            #error Darshan must be configured with a positive value for --with-mem-align
        #endif
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        envstr = getenv(DARSHAN_MEM_ALIGNMENT_OVERRIDE);
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        if(envstr)
        {
            ret = sscanf(envstr, "%d", &tmpval);
            /* silently ignore if the env variable is set poorly */
            if(ret == 1 && tmpval > 0)
            {
                darshan_mem_alignment = tmpval;
            }
        }
        else
        {
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            darshan_mem_alignment = __DARSHAN_MEM_ALIGNMENT;
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        }

        /* avoid floating point errors on faulty input */
        if (darshan_mem_alignment < 1)
        {
            darshan_mem_alignment = 1;
        }
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        /* allocate structure to track darshan core runtime information */
        init_core = malloc(sizeof(*init_core));
        if(init_core)
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        {
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            memset(init_core, 0, sizeof(*init_core));
            init_core->wtime_offset = DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Wtime)();

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            /* Use DARSHAN_JOBID_OVERRIDE for the env var for __DARSHAN_JOBID */
            envstr = getenv(DARSHAN_JOBID_OVERRIDE);
            if(!envstr)
            {
                envstr = __DARSHAN_JOBID;
            }

            /* find a job id */
            jobid_str = getenv(envstr);
            if(jobid_str)
            {
                /* in cobalt we can find it in env var */
                ret = sscanf(jobid_str, "%d", &jobid);
            }
            if(!jobid_str || ret != 1)
            {
                /* use pid as fall back */
                jobid = getpid();
            }

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            sys_page_size = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
            assert(sys_page_size > 0);
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            /* XXX: MMAP */
            mmap_size = sizeof(struct darshan_header) + DARSHAN_JOB_RECORD_SIZE + DARSHAN_MOD_MEM_MAX;
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            if(mmap_size % sys_page_size)
                mmap_size = ((mmap_size / sys_page_size) + 1) * sys_page_size;
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            /* construct a unique temporary log file name for this process
             * to write mmap log data to
             */
            snprintf(mmap_log_name, PATH_MAX, "/tmp/darshan_job%d.%d",
                jobid, my_rank);

            /* create the temporary mmapped darshan log */
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            mmap_fd = open(mmap_log_name, O_CREAT|O_RDWR|O_EXCL , 0644);
            if(mmap_fd < 0)
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            {
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                fprintf(stderr, "darshan library warning: "
                    "unable to create darshan log file %s\n", mmap_log_name);
                free(init_core);
                return;
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            }

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            /* TODO: what's more expensive? truncate or write zeros? perf test this call and later accesses */
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            /* allocate the necessary space in the log file */
            ret = ftruncate(mmap_fd, mmap_size);
            if(ret < 0)
            {
                fprintf(stderr, "darshan library warning: "
                    "unable to allocate darshan log file %s\n", mmap_log_name);
                free(init_core);
                close(mmap_fd);
                unlink(mmap_log_name);
                return;
            }

            /* memory map buffers for getting at least some summary i/o data
             * into a log file if darshan does not shut down properly
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             */
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            init_core->mmap_p = mmap(NULL, mmap_size, PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED,
                mmap_fd, 0);
            if(init_core->mmap_p == MAP_FAILED)
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            {
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                fprintf(stderr, "darshan library warning: "
                    "unable to mmap darshan log file %s\n", mmap_log_name);
                free(init_core);
                close(mmap_fd);
                unlink(mmap_log_name);
                return;
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            }

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            /* close darshan log file (this does *not* unmap the log file) */
            close(mmap_fd);

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            /* set the memory pointers for each log file region */
            init_core->log_hdr_p = (struct darshan_header *)
                (init_core->mmap_p);
            init_core->log_job_p = (struct darshan_job *)
                (init_core->log_hdr_p + sizeof(struct darshan_header));
            init_core->log_exemnt_p = (char *)
                (((char *)init_core->log_job_p) + sizeof(struct darshan_job));
            /* TODO: file hash & module memory */

            /* XXX: MMAP */

            /* set known header fields for the log file */
            strcpy(init_core->log_hdr_p->version_string, DARSHAN_LOG_VERSION);
            init_core->log_hdr_p->magic_nr = DARSHAN_MAGIC_NR;
            init_core->log_hdr_p->comp_type = DARSHAN_NO_COMP;
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            /* set known job-level metadata fields for the log file */
            init_core->log_job_p->uid = getuid();
            init_core->log_job_p->start_time = time(NULL);
            init_core->log_job_p->nprocs = nprocs;
            init_core->log_job_p->jobid = (int64_t)jobid;
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            /* if we are using any hints to write the log file, then record those
             * hints with the darshan job information
             */
            darshan_log_record_hints_and_ver(init_core);

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            /* collect information about command line and mounted file systems */
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            darshan_get_exe_and_mounts(init_core, argc, argv);
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            /* bootstrap any modules with static initialization routines */
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            i = 0;
            while(mod_static_init_fns[i])
            {
                (*mod_static_init_fns[i])();
                i++;
            }

            darshan_core = init_core;
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        }
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    }

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    if(internal_timing_flag)
    {
        init_time = DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Wtime)() - init_start;
        DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Reduce)(&init_time, &init_max, 1,
            MPI_DOUBLE, MPI_MAX, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
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        if(my_rank == 0)
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        {
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            fprintf(stderr, "#darshan:<op>\t<nprocs>\t<time>\n");
            fprintf(stderr, "darshan:init\t%d\t%f\n", nprocs, init_max);
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        }
    }

    return;
}

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void darshan_core_shutdown()
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{
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    int i;
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    struct darshan_core_runtime *final_core;
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    int internal_timing_flag = 0;
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    double start_log_time;
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    double tm_end;
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    if(getenv("DARSHAN_INTERNAL_TIMING"))
        internal_timing_flag = 1;

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    if(internal_timing_flag)
        start_log_time = DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Wtime)();
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    /* disable darhan-core while we shutdown */
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    DARSHAN_CORE_LOCK();
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    if(!darshan_core)
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    {
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        DARSHAN_CORE_UNLOCK();
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        return;
    }
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    final_core = darshan_core;
    darshan_core = NULL;
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    for(i = 0; i < DARSHAN_MAX_MODS; i++)
    {
        if(final_core->mod_array[i])
        {
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            final_core->mod_array[i]->mod_funcs.begin_shutdown();
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        }
    }
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    DARSHAN_CORE_UNLOCK();
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    final_core->log_job_p->end_time = time(NULL);
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    darshan_core_cleanup(final_core);
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    if(internal_timing_flag)
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    {
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        double all_tm, all_slowest;

        tm_end = DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Wtime)();

        all_tm = tm_end - start_log_time;

        DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Reduce)(&all_tm, &all_slowest, 1,
            MPI_DOUBLE, MPI_MAX, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);

        if(my_rank == 0)
        {
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            fprintf(stderr, "#darshan:<op>\t<nprocs>\t<time>\n");
            fprintf(stderr, "darshan:core_shutdown\t%d\t%f\n", nprocs, all_slowest);
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        }
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    }
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    return;
}
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/* *********************************** */
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/* construct the darshan log file name */
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static void darshan_get_logfile_name(char* logfile_name, int jobid, struct tm* start_tm)
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{
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    char* user_logfile_name;
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    char* logpath;
    char* logname_string;
    char* logpath_override = NULL;
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#ifdef __DARSHAN_LOG_ENV
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    char env_check[256];
    char* env_tok;
#endif
    uint64_t hlevel;
    char hname[HOST_NAME_MAX];
    uint64_t logmod;
    char cuser[L_cuserid] = {0};
    int ret;

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    /* first, check if user specifies a complete logpath to use */
    user_logfile_name = getenv("DARSHAN_LOGFILE");
    if(user_logfile_name)
    {
        if(strlen(user_logfile_name) >= (PATH_MAX-1))
        {
            fprintf(stderr, "darshan library warning: user log file name too long.\n");
            logfile_name[0] = '\0';
        }
        else
        {
            strcpy(logfile_name, user_logfile_name);
        }
    }
    else
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    {
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        /* otherwise, generate the log path automatically */

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        /* Use DARSHAN_LOG_PATH_OVERRIDE for the value or __DARSHAN_LOG_PATH */
        logpath = getenv(DARSHAN_LOG_PATH_OVERRIDE);
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        if(!logpath)
        {
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#ifdef __DARSHAN_LOG_PATH
            logpath = __DARSHAN_LOG_PATH;
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#endif
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        }
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        /* get the username for this job.  In order we will try each of the
         * following until one of them succeeds:
         *
         * - cuserid()
         * - getenv("LOGNAME")
         * - snprintf(..., geteuid());
         *
         * Note that we do not use getpwuid() because it generally will not
         * work in statically compiled binaries.
         */
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#ifndef DARSHAN_DISABLE_CUSERID
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        cuserid(cuser);
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#endif

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        /* if cuserid() didn't work, then check the environment */
        if(strcmp(cuser, "") == 0)
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        {
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            logname_string = getenv("LOGNAME");
            if(logname_string)
            {
                strncpy(cuser, logname_string, (L_cuserid-1));
            }
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        }

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        /* if cuserid() and environment both fail, then fall back to uid */
        if(strcmp(cuser, "") == 0)
        {
            uid_t uid = geteuid();
            snprintf(cuser, sizeof(cuser), "%u", uid);
        }
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        /* generate a random number to help differentiate the log */
        hlevel=DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Wtime)() * 1000000;
        (void)gethostname(hname, sizeof(hname));
        logmod = darshan_hash((void*)hname,strlen(hname),hlevel);
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        /* see if darshan was configured using the --with-logpath-by-env
         * argument, which allows the user to specify an absolute path to
         * place logs via an env variable.
         */
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#ifdef __DARSHAN_LOG_ENV
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        /* just silently skip if the environment variable list is too big */
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        if(strlen(__DARSHAN_LOG_ENV) < 256)
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        {
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            /* copy env variable list to a temporary buffer */
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            strcpy(env_check, __DARSHAN_LOG_ENV);
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            /* tokenize the comma-separated list */
            env_tok = strtok(env_check, ",");
            if(env_tok)
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            {
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                do
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                {
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                    /* check each env variable in order */
                    logpath_override = getenv(env_tok);
                    if(logpath_override)
                    {
                        /* stop as soon as we find a match */
                        break;
                    }
                }while((env_tok = strtok(NULL, ",")));
            }
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        }
#endif

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        if(logpath_override)
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        {
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            ret = snprintf(logfile_name, PATH_MAX,
                "%s/%s_%s_id%d_%d-%d-%d-%" PRIu64 ".darshan_partial",
                logpath_override,
                cuser, __progname, jobid,
                (start_tm->tm_mon+1),
                start_tm->tm_mday,
                (start_tm->tm_hour*60*60 + start_tm->tm_min*60 + start_tm->tm_sec),
                logmod);
            if(ret == (PATH_MAX-1))
            {
                /* file name was too big; squish it down */
                snprintf(logfile_name, PATH_MAX,
                    "%s/id%d.darshan_partial",
                    logpath_override, jobid);
            }
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        }
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        else if(logpath)
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        {
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            ret = snprintf(logfile_name, PATH_MAX,
                "%s/%d/%d/%d/%s_%s_id%d_%d-%d-%d-%" PRIu64 ".darshan_partial",
                logpath, (start_tm->tm_year+1900),
                (start_tm->tm_mon+1), start_tm->tm_mday,
                cuser, __progname, jobid,
                (start_tm->tm_mon+1),
                start_tm->tm_mday,
                (start_tm->tm_hour*60*60 + start_tm->tm_min*60 + start_tm->tm_sec),
                logmod);
            if(ret == (PATH_MAX-1))
            {
                /* file name was too big; squish it down */
                snprintf(logfile_name, PATH_MAX,
                    "%s/id%d.darshan_partial",
                    logpath, jobid);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            logfile_name[0] = '\0';
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        }
    }

    return;
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}

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/* record any hints used to write the darshan log in the job data */
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static void darshan_log_record_hints_and_ver(struct darshan_core_runtime* core)
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{
    char* hints;
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    char* job_hints;
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    int meta_remain = 0;
    char* m;

    /* check environment variable to see if the default MPI file hints have
     * been overridden
     */
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    hints = getenv(DARSHAN_LOG_HINTS_OVERRIDE);
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    if(!hints)
    {
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        hints = __DARSHAN_LOG_HINTS;
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    }

    if(!hints || strlen(hints) < 1)
        return;

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    job_hints = strdup(hints);
    if(!job_hints)
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        return;

    meta_remain = DARSHAN_JOB_METADATA_LEN -
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        strlen(core->log_job_p->metadata) - 1;
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    if(meta_remain >= (strlen(PACKAGE_VERSION) + 9))
    {
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        sprintf(core->log_job_p->metadata, "lib_ver=%s\n", PACKAGE_VERSION);
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        meta_remain -= (strlen(PACKAGE_VERSION) + 9);
    }
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    if(meta_remain >= (3 + strlen(job_hints)))
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    {
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        m = core->log_job_p->metadata + strlen(core->log_job_p->metadata);
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        /* We have room to store the hints in the metadata portion of
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         * the job structure.  We just prepend an h= to the hints list.  The
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         * metadata parser will ignore = characters that appear in the value
         * portion of the metadata key/value pair.
         */
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        sprintf(m, "h=%s\n", job_hints);
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    }
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    free(job_hints);
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    return;
}

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static int mnt_data_cmp(const void* a, const void* b)
{
    const struct mnt_data *d_a = (const struct mnt_data*)a;
    const struct mnt_data *d_b = (const struct mnt_data*)b;

    if(strlen(d_a->path) > strlen(d_b->path))
        return(-1);
    else if(strlen(d_a->path) < strlen(d_b->path))
        return(1);
    else
        return(0);
}

/* adds an entry to table of mounted file systems */
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static void add_entry(char* buf, int* space_left, struct mntent *entry)
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{
    int ret;
    char tmp_mnt[256];
    struct statfs statfsbuf;

    strncpy(mnt_data_array[mnt_data_count].path, entry->mnt_dir,
        DARSHAN_MAX_MNT_PATH-1);
    strncpy(mnt_data_array[mnt_data_count].type, entry->mnt_type,
        DARSHAN_MAX_MNT_TYPE-1);
    /* NOTE: we now try to detect the preferred block size for each file 
     * system using fstatfs().  On Lustre we assume a size of 1 MiB 
     * because fstatfs() reports 4 KiB. 
     */
#ifndef LL_SUPER_MAGIC
#define LL_SUPER_MAGIC 0x0BD00BD0
#endif
    ret = statfs(entry->mnt_dir, &statfsbuf);
    if(ret == 0 && statfsbuf.f_type != LL_SUPER_MAGIC)
        mnt_data_array[mnt_data_count].block_size = statfsbuf.f_bsize;
    else if(ret == 0 && statfsbuf.f_type == LL_SUPER_MAGIC)
        mnt_data_array[mnt_data_count].block_size = 1024*1024;
    else
        mnt_data_array[mnt_data_count].block_size = 4096;

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    /* store mount information with the job-level metadata in darshan log */
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    ret = snprintf(tmp_mnt, 256, "\n%s\t%s",
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        entry->mnt_type, entry->mnt_dir);
    if(ret < 256 && strlen(tmp_mnt) <= (*space_left))
    {
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        strcat(buf, tmp_mnt);
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        (*space_left) -= strlen(tmp_mnt);
    }

    mnt_data_count++;
    return;
}

/* darshan_get_exe_and_mounts_root()
 *
 * collects command line and list of mounted file systems into a string that
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 * will be stored with the job-level metadata
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 */
static void darshan_get_exe_and_mounts_root(struct darshan_core_runtime *core,
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    int argc, char **argv)
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{
    FILE* tab;
    struct mntent *entry;
    char* exclude;
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    char* truncate_string = "<TRUNCATED>";
    int truncate_offset;
    int space_left = DARSHAN_EXE_LEN;
    int i;
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    int tmp_index = 0;
    int skip = 0;

    /* skip these fs types */
    static char* fs_exclusions[] = {
        "tmpfs",
        "proc",
        "sysfs",
        "devpts",
        "binfmt_misc",
        "fusectl",
        "debugfs",
        "securityfs",
        "nfsd",
        "none",
        "rpc_pipefs",
        "hugetlbfs",
        "cgroup",
        NULL
    };

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    /* record exe and arguments */
    for(i=0; i<argc; i++)
    {
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        strncat(core->log_exemnt_p, argv[i], space_left);
        space_left = DARSHAN_EXE_LEN-strlen(core->log_exemnt_p);
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        if(i < (argc-1))
        {
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            strncat(core->log_exemnt_p, " ", space_left);
            space_left = DARSHAN_EXE_LEN-strlen(core->log_exemnt_p);
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        }
    }

    /* if we don't see any arguments, then use glibc symbol to get
     * program name at least (this happens in fortran)
     */
    if(argc == 0)
    {
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        strncat(core->log_exemnt_p, __progname_full, space_left);
        space_left = DARSHAN_EXE_LEN-strlen(core->log_exemnt_p);
        strncat(core->log_exemnt_p, " <unknown args>", space_left);
        space_left = DARSHAN_EXE_LEN-strlen(core->log_exemnt_p);
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    }

    if(space_left == 0)
    {
        /* we ran out of room; mark that string was truncated */
        truncate_offset = DARSHAN_EXE_LEN - strlen(truncate_string);
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        sprintf(&(core->log_exemnt_p[truncate_offset]), "%s",
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            truncate_string);
    }

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    /* we make two passes through mounted file systems; in the first pass we
     * grab any non-nfs mount points, then on the second pass we grab nfs
     * mount points
     */

    tab = setmntent("/etc/mtab", "r");
    if(!tab)
        return;
    /* loop through list of mounted file systems */
    while(mnt_data_count<DARSHAN_MAX_MNTS && (entry = getmntent(tab)) != NULL)
    {
        /* filter out excluded fs types */
        tmp_index = 0;
        skip = 0;
        while((exclude = fs_exclusions[tmp_index]))
        {
            if(!(strcmp(exclude, entry->mnt_type)))
            {
                skip =1;
                break;
            }
            tmp_index++;
        }

        if(skip || (strcmp(entry->mnt_type, "nfs") == 0))
            continue;

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        add_entry(core->log_exemnt_p, &space_left, entry);
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    }
    endmntent(tab);

    tab = setmntent("/etc/mtab", "r");
    if(!tab)
        return;
    /* loop through list of mounted file systems */
    while(mnt_data_count<DARSHAN_MAX_MNTS && (entry = getmntent(tab)) != NULL)
    {
        if(strcmp(entry->mnt_type, "nfs") != 0)
            continue;

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        add_entry(core->log_exemnt_p, &space_left, entry);
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    }
    endmntent(tab);

    /* Sort mount points in order of longest path to shortest path.  This is
     * necessary so that if we try to match file paths to mount points later
     * we don't match on "/" every time.
     */
    qsort(mnt_data_array, mnt_data_count, sizeof(mnt_data_array[0]), mnt_data_cmp);
    return;
}

/* darshan_get_exe_and_mounts()
 *
 * collects command line and list of mounted file systems into a string that
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 */
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static void darshan_get_exe_and_mounts(struct darshan_core_runtime *core,
    int argc, char **argv)
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{
    if(my_rank == 0)
    {
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        darshan_get_exe_and_mounts_root(core, argc, argv);
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    }

    /* broadcast mount count to all nodes */
    DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Bcast)(&mnt_data_count, 1, MPI_INT, 0,
        MPI_COMM_WORLD);
    /* broadcast mount data to all nodes */
    DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Bcast)(mnt_data_array,
        mnt_data_count*sizeof(mnt_data_array[0]), MPI_BYTE, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);

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    return;
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}

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static void darshan_block_size_from_path(const char *path, int *block_size)
{
    int i;
    *block_size = -1;

    for(i=0; i<mnt_data_count; i++)
    {
        if(!(strncmp(mnt_data_array[i].path, path, strlen(mnt_data_array[i].path))))
        {
            *block_size = mnt_data_array[i].block_size;
            return;
        }
    }

    return;
}

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static void darshan_get_shared_records(struct darshan_core_runtime *core,
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    darshan_record_id **shared_recs, int *shared_rec_cnt)
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{
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    int i, j;
    int tmp_cnt = core->rec_count;
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    struct darshan_core_record_ref *tmp, *ref;
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    darshan_record_id *id_array;
    uint64_t *mod_flags;
    uint64_t *global_mod_flags;

    /* broadcast root's number of records to all other processes */
    DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Bcast)(&tmp_cnt, 1, MPI_INT, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);

    /* use root record count to allocate data structures */
    id_array = malloc(tmp_cnt * sizeof(darshan_record_id));
    mod_flags = malloc(tmp_cnt * sizeof(uint64_t));
    global_mod_flags = malloc(tmp_cnt * sizeof(uint64_t));
    *shared_recs = malloc(tmp_cnt * sizeof(darshan_record_id));
    assert(id_array && mod_flags && global_mod_flags && *shared_recs);

    memset(mod_flags, 0, tmp_cnt * sizeof(uint64_t));
    memset(global_mod_flags, 0, tmp_cnt * sizeof(uint64_t));
    memset(*shared_recs, 0, tmp_cnt * sizeof(darshan_record_id));
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    /* first, determine list of records root process has opened */
    if(my_rank == 0)
    {
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        i = 0;
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        HASH_ITER(hlink, core->rec_hash, ref, tmp)
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        {
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            id_array[i++] = ref->rec.id;           
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        }
    }

    /* broadcast root's list of records to all other processes */
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    DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Bcast)(id_array, (tmp_cnt * sizeof(darshan_record_id)),
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        MPI_BYTE, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);

    /* everyone looks to see if they opened the same records as root */
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    for(i=0; i<tmp_cnt; i++)
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    {
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        HASH_FIND(hlink, core->rec_hash, &id_array[i], sizeof(darshan_record_id), ref);
        if(ref)
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        {
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            /* we opened that record too, save the mod_flags */
            mod_flags[i] = ref->mod_flags;
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        }
    }

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    /* now allreduce so everyone agrees which files are shared and
     * which modules accessed them collectively
     */
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    DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_Allreduce)(mod_flags, global_mod_flags, tmp_cnt,
        MPI_UINT64_T, MPI_BAND, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
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    j = 0;
    for(i=0; i<tmp_cnt; i++)
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    {
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        if(global_mod_flags[i] != 0)
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        {
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            (*shared_recs)[j++] = id_array[i];
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            /* set global_mod_flags so we know which modules collectively
             * accessed this module. we need this info to support shared
             * file reductions
             */
            HASH_FIND(hlink, core->rec_hash, &id_array[i], sizeof(darshan_record_id), ref);
            assert(ref);
            ref->global_mod_flags = global_mod_flags[i];
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        }
    }
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    *shared_rec_cnt = j;
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    return;
}

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static int darshan_log_open_all(char *logfile_name, MPI_File *log_fh)
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{
    char *hints;
    char *tok_str;
    char *orig_tok_str;
    char *key;
    char *value;
    char *saveptr = NULL;
    int ret;
    MPI_Info info;

    /* check environment variable to see if the default MPI file hints have
     * been overridden
     */
    MPI_Info_create(&info);

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    hints = getenv(DARSHAN_LOG_HINTS_OVERRIDE);
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    if(!hints)
    {
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        hints = __DARSHAN_LOG_HINTS;
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    }

    if(hints && strlen(hints) > 0)
    {
        tok_str = strdup(hints);
        if(tok_str)
        {
            orig_tok_str = tok_str;
            do
            {
                /* split string on semicolon */
                key = strtok_r(tok_str, ";", &saveptr);
                if(key)
                {
                    tok_str = NULL;
                    /* look for = sign splitting key/value pairs */
                    value = index(key, '=');
                    if(value)
                    {
                        /* break key and value into separate null terminated strings */
                        value[0] = '\0';
                        value++;
                        if(strlen(key) > 0)
                            MPI_Info_set(info, key, value);
                    }
                }
            }while(key != NULL);
            free(orig_tok_str);
        }
    }

    /* open the darshan log file for writing */
    ret = DARSHAN_MPI_CALL(PMPI_File_open)(MPI_COMM_WORLD, logfile_name,
        MPI_MODE_CREATE | MPI_MODE_WRONLY | MPI_MODE_EXCL, info, log_fh);
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    if(ret != MPI_SUCCESS)
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        return(-1);

    MPI_Info_free(&info);
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    return(0);
}

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static int darshan_deflate_buffer(void **pointers, int *lengths, int count,
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    char *comp_buf, int *comp_buf_length)
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{
    int ret = 0;
    int i;
    int total_target = 0;
    z_stream tmp_stream;

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    /* just return if there is no data */
    for(i = 0; i < count; i++)
    {
        total_target += lengths[i];
    }
    if(total_target)
    {
        total_target = 0;
    }
    else
    {
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        *comp_buf_length = 0;
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        return(0);
    }

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    memset(&tmp_stream, 0, sizeof(tmp_stream));
    tmp_stream.zalloc = Z_NULL;
    tmp_stream.zfree = Z_NULL;
    tmp_stream.opaque = Z_NULL;

    /* initialize the zlib compression parameters */
    /* TODO: check these parameters? */
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//    ret = deflateInit2(&tmp_stream, Z_DEFAULT_COMPRESSION, Z_DEFLATED,
//        15 + 16, 8, Z_DEFAULT_STRATEGY);
    ret = deflateInit(&tmp_stream, Z_DEFAULT_COMPRESSION);
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    if(ret != Z_OK)
    {
        return(-1);
    }

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    tmp_stream.next_out = (unsigned char *)comp_buf;
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    tmp_stream.avail_out = DARSHAN_COMP_BUF_SIZE;
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    /* loop over the input pointers */
    for(i = 0; i < count; i++)
    {
        total_target += lengths[i];
        tmp_stream.next_in = pointers[i];
        tmp_stream.avail_in = lengths[i];
        /* while we have not finished consuming all of the data available to
         * this point in the loop
         */
        while(tmp_stream.total_in < total_target)
        {
            if(tmp_stream.avail_out == 0)
            {
                /* We ran out of buffer space for compression.  In theory,
                 * we could start using some of the file_array buffer space
                 * without having to malloc again.  In practice, this case 
                 * is going to be practically impossible to hit.
                 */
                deflateEnd(&tmp_stream);
                return(-1);
            }

            /* compress data */
            ret = deflate(&tmp_stream, Z_NO_FLUSH);
            if(ret != Z_OK)
            {
                deflateEnd(&tmp_stream);
                return(-1);
            }
        }
    }

    /* flush compression and end */
    ret = deflate(&tmp_stream, Z_FINISH);
    if(ret != Z_STREAM_END)
    {
        deflateEnd(&tmp_stream);
        return(-1);
    }
    deflateEnd(&tmp_stream);

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    *comp_buf_length = tmp_stream.total_out;
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    return(0);
}

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/* NOTE: the map written to file may contain duplicate id->name entries if a
 *       record is opened by multiple ranks, but not all ranks
 */
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static int darshan_log_write_record_hash(MPI_File log_fh, struct darshan_core_runtime *core,
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    uint64_t *inout_off)
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{
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    int ret;
    struct darshan_core_record_ref *ref, *tmp;
    uint32_t name_len;
    size_t record_sz;
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    size_t hash_buf_sz = 0;
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    char *hash_buf;
    char *hash_buf_off;
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    /* allocate a buffer to store at most 64 bytes for each registered record */
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    /* NOTE: this buffer may be reallocated if estimate is too small */
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    hash_buf_sz = core->rec_count * 64;
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    hash_buf = malloc(hash_buf_sz);
    if(!hash_buf)
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    {
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        return(-1);
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    }

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    /* serialize the record hash into a buffer for writing */
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    hash_buf_off = hash_buf;
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    HASH_ITER(hlink, core->rec_hash, ref, tmp)
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    {
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        /* to avoid duplicate records, only rank 0 will write shared records */
        if(my_rank > 0 && ref->global_mod_flags)
            continue;

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        name_len = strlen(ref->rec.name);
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        record_sz = sizeof(darshan_record_id) + sizeof(uint32_t) + name_len;
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        /* make sure there is room in the buffer for this record */
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        if((hash_buf_off + record_sz) > (hash_buf + hash_buf_sz))
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        {
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            char *tmp_buf;
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            size_t old_buf_sz;

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            /* if no room, reallocate the hash buffer at twice the current size */
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            old_buf_sz = hash_buf_off - hash_buf;