dragonfly.c 84.9 KB
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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2013 University of Chicago.
 * See COPYRIGHT notice in top-level directory.
 *
 */

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// Local router ID: 0 --- total_router-1
// Router LP ID 
// Terminal LP ID

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#include <ross.h>

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#include "codes/jenkins-hash.h"
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#include "codes/codes_mapping.h"
#include "codes/codes.h"
#include "codes/model-net.h"
#include "codes/model-net-method.h"
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#include "codes/model-net-lp.h"
#include "codes/net/dragonfly.h"
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#include "sys/file.h"
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#include "codes/quickhash.h"
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#define CREDIT_SIZE 8
#define MEAN_PROCESS 1.0
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#define MAX_GEN_PACKETS 2000000
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/* collective specific parameters */
#define TREE_DEGREE 4
#define LEVEL_DELAY 1000
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#define DRAGONFLY_COLLECTIVE_DEBUG 0
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#define NUM_COLLECTIVES  1
#define COLLECTIVE_COMPUTATION_DELAY 5700
#define DRAGONFLY_FAN_OUT_DELAY 20.0
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#define WINDOW_LENGTH 0
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#define DFLY_HASH_TABLE_SIZE 10000
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// debugging parameters
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#define TRACK -1
#define TRACK_MSG -1
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#define PRINT_ROUTER_TABLE 1
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#define DEBUG 0
#define USE_DIRECT_SCHEME 1
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#define LP_CONFIG_NM (model_net_lp_config_names[DRAGONFLY])
#define LP_METHOD_NM (model_net_method_names[DRAGONFLY])

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long term_ecount, router_ecount, term_rev_ecount, router_rev_ecount;
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static double maxd(double a, double b) { return a < b ? b : a; }

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/* minimal and non-minimal packet counts for adaptive routing*/
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static unsigned int minimal_count=0, nonmin_count=0, completed_packets = 0;
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typedef struct dragonfly_param dragonfly_param;
/* annotation-specific parameters (unannotated entry occurs at the 
 * last index) */
static uint64_t                  num_params = 0;
static dragonfly_param         * all_params = NULL;
static const config_anno_map_t * anno_map   = NULL;
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/* global variables for codes mapping */
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static char lp_group_name[MAX_NAME_LENGTH];
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static int mapping_grp_id, mapping_type_id, mapping_rep_id, mapping_offset;

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/* router magic number */
int router_magic_num = 0;

/* terminal magic number */
int terminal_magic_num = 0;

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typedef struct terminal_message_list terminal_message_list;
struct terminal_message_list {
    terminal_message msg;
    char* event_data;
    terminal_message_list *next;
    terminal_message_list *prev;
};
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void init_terminal_message_list(terminal_message_list *this, 
    terminal_message *inmsg) {
    this->msg = *inmsg;
    this->event_data = NULL;
    this->next = NULL;
    this->prev = NULL;
}
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void delete_terminal_message_list(terminal_message_list *this) {
    if(this->event_data != NULL) free(this->event_data);
    free(this);
}
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struct dragonfly_param
{
    // configuration parameters
    int num_routers; /*Number of routers in a group*/
    double local_bandwidth;/* bandwidth of the router-router channels within a group */
    double global_bandwidth;/* bandwidth of the inter-group router connections */
    double cn_bandwidth;/* bandwidth of the compute node channels connected to routers */
    int num_vcs; /* number of virtual channels */
    int local_vc_size; /* buffer size of the router-router channels */
    int global_vc_size; /* buffer size of the global channels */
    int cn_vc_size; /* buffer size of the compute node channels */
    int chunk_size; /* full-sized packets are broken into smaller chunks.*/
    // derived parameters
    int num_cn;
    int num_groups;
    int radix;
    int total_routers;
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    int total_terminals;
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    int num_global_channels;
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    double cn_delay;
    double local_delay;
    double global_delay;
    double credit_delay;
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};

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struct dfly_hash_key
{
    uint64_t message_id;
    tw_lpid sender_id;
};

struct dfly_qhash_entry
{
   struct dfly_hash_key key;
   char * remote_event_data;
   int num_chunks;
   int remote_event_size;
   struct qhash_head hash_link;
};

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/* handles terminal and router events like packet generate/send/receive/buffer */
typedef enum event_t event_t;
typedef struct terminal_state terminal_state;
typedef struct router_state router_state;

/* dragonfly compute node data structure */
struct terminal_state
{
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   uint64_t packet_counter;
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   // Dragonfly specific parameters
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   unsigned int router_id;
   unsigned int terminal_id;
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   // Each terminal will have an input and output channel with the router
   int* vc_occupancy; // NUM_VC
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   int num_vcs;
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   tw_stime terminal_available_time;
   tw_stime next_credit_available_time;
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   terminal_message_list **terminal_msgs;
   terminal_message_list **terminal_msgs_tail;
   int in_send_loop;
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// Terminal generate, sends and arrival T_SEND, T_ARRIVAL, T_GENERATE
// Router-Router Intra-group sends and receives RR_LSEND, RR_LARRIVE
// Router-Router Inter-group sends and receives RR_GSEND, RR_GARRIVE
   struct mn_stats dragonfly_stats_array[CATEGORY_MAX];
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  /* collective init time */
  tw_stime collective_init_time;

  /* node ID in the tree */ 
   tw_lpid node_id;

   /* messages sent & received in collectives may get interchanged several times so we have to save the 
     origin server information in the node's state */
   tw_lpid origin_svr; 
  
  /* parent node ID of the current node */
   tw_lpid parent_node_id;
   /* array of children to be allocated in terminal_init*/
   tw_lpid* children;

   /* children of a node can be less than or equal to the tree degree */
   int num_children;

   short is_root;
   short is_leaf;

   /* to maintain a count of child nodes that have fanned in at the parent during the collective
      fan-in phase*/
   int num_fan_nodes;
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   const char * anno;
   const dragonfly_param *params;
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   struct qhash_table *rank_tbl;
   uint64_t rank_tbl_pop;
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};
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/* terminal event type (1-4) */
enum event_t
{
  T_GENERATE=1,
  T_ARRIVE,
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  T_SEND,
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  T_BUFFER,
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  R_SEND,
  R_ARRIVE,
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  R_BUFFER,
  D_COLLECTIVE_INIT,
  D_COLLECTIVE_FAN_IN,
  D_COLLECTIVE_FAN_OUT
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};
/* status of a virtual channel can be idle, active, allocated or wait for credit */
enum vc_status
{
   VC_IDLE,
   VC_ACTIVE,
   VC_ALLOC,
   VC_CREDIT
};

/* whether the last hop of a packet was global, local or a terminal */
enum last_hop
{
   GLOBAL,
   LOCAL,
   TERMINAL
};

/* three forms of routing algorithms available, adaptive routing is not
 * accurate and fully functional in the current version as the formulas
 * for detecting load on global channels are not very accurate */
enum ROUTING_ALGO
{
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    MINIMAL = 0,
    NON_MINIMAL,
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    ADAPTIVE,
    PROG_ADAPTIVE
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};

struct router_state
{
   unsigned int router_id;
   unsigned int group_id;
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   int* global_channel; 
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   tw_stime* next_output_available_time;
   tw_stime* next_credit_available_time;
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   tw_stime* cur_hist_start_time;
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   terminal_message_list ***pending_msgs;
   terminal_message_list ***pending_msgs_tail;
   terminal_message_list ***queued_msgs;
   terminal_message_list ***queued_msgs_tail;
   int *in_send_loop;
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   int** vc_occupancy;
   int* link_traffic;
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   const char * anno;
   const dragonfly_param *params;
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   int* prev_hist_num;
   int* cur_hist_num;
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};

static short routing = MINIMAL;

static tw_stime         dragonfly_total_time = 0;
static tw_stime         dragonfly_max_latency = 0;
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static tw_stime         max_collective = 0;
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static long long       total_hops = 0;
static long long       N_finished_packets = 0;

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static int dragonfly_rank_hash_compare(
        void *key, struct qhash_head *link)
{
    struct dfly_hash_key *message_key = (struct dfly_hash_key *)key;
    struct dfly_qhash_entry *tmp;

    tmp = qhash_entry(link, struct dfly_qhash_entry, hash_link);
    
    if (tmp->key.message_id == message_key->message_id
            && tmp->key.sender_id == message_key->sender_id)
        return 1;

    return 0;
}
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/* convert GiB/s and bytes to ns */
static tw_stime bytes_to_ns(uint64_t bytes, double GB_p_s)
{
    tw_stime time;

    /* bytes to GB */
    time = ((double)bytes)/(1024.0*1024.0*1024.0);
    /* MB to s */
    time = time / GB_p_s;
    /* s to ns */
    time = time * 1000.0 * 1000.0 * 1000.0;

    return(time);
}
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/* returns the dragonfly message size */
static int dragonfly_get_msg_sz(void)
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{
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	   return sizeof(terminal_message);
}
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static void append_to_terminal_message_list(  
        terminal_message_list ** thisq,
        terminal_message_list ** thistail,
        int index, 
        terminal_message_list *msg) {
    if(thisq[index] == NULL) {
        thisq[index] = msg;
    } else {
        thistail[index]->next = msg;
        msg->prev = thistail[index];
    } 
    thistail[index] = msg;
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}

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static void prepend_to_terminal_message_list(  
        terminal_message_list ** thisq,
        terminal_message_list ** thistail,
        int index, 
        terminal_message_list *msg) {
    if(thisq[index] == NULL) {
        thistail[index] = msg;
    } else {
        thisq[index]->prev = msg;
        msg->next = thisq[index];
    } 
    thisq[index] = msg;
}
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static void create_prepend_to_terminal_message_list(
        terminal_message_list ** thisq,
        terminal_message_list ** thistail,
        int index, 
        terminal_message *msg) {
    terminal_message_list* new_entry = (terminal_message_list*)malloc(
        sizeof(terminal_message_list));
    init_terminal_message_list(new_entry, msg);
    if(msg->remote_event_size_bytes) {
        void *m_data = model_net_method_get_edata(DRAGONFLY, msg);
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        size_t s = msg->remote_event_size_bytes + msg->local_event_size_bytes;
        new_entry->event_data = (void*)malloc(s);
        memcpy(new_entry->event_data, m_data, s);
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    }
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    prepend_to_terminal_message_list( thisq, thistail, index, new_entry);
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}

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static terminal_message_list* return_head(
        terminal_message_list ** thisq,
        terminal_message_list ** thistail,
        int index) {
    terminal_message_list *head = thisq[index];
    if(head != NULL) {
        thisq[index] = head->next;
        if(head->next != NULL) {
            head->next->prev = NULL;
            head->next = NULL;
        } else {
            thistail[index] = NULL;
        }
    }
    return head;
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}

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static terminal_message_list* return_tail(
        terminal_message_list ** thisq,
        terminal_message_list ** thistail,
        int index) {
    terminal_message_list *tail = thistail[index];
    if(tail->prev != NULL) {
        tail->prev->next = NULL;
        thistail[index] = tail->prev;
        tail->prev = NULL;
    } else {
        thistail[index] = NULL;
        thisq[index] = NULL;
    }
    return tail;
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}

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static void copy_terminal_list_entry( terminal_message_list *cur_entry,
    terminal_message *msg) {
    terminal_message *cur_msg = &cur_entry->msg;
    msg->travel_start_time = cur_msg->travel_start_time;
    msg->packet_ID = cur_msg->packet_ID;    
    strcpy(msg->category, cur_msg->category);
    msg->final_dest_gid = cur_msg->final_dest_gid;
    msg->sender_lp = cur_msg->sender_lp;
    msg->dest_terminal_id = cur_msg->dest_terminal_id;
    msg->src_terminal_id = cur_msg->src_terminal_id;
    msg->local_id = cur_msg->local_id;
    msg->origin_router_id = cur_msg->origin_router_id;
    msg->my_N_hop = cur_msg->my_N_hop;
    msg->my_l_hop = cur_msg->my_l_hop;
    msg->my_g_hop = cur_msg->my_g_hop;
    msg->intm_lp_id = cur_msg->intm_lp_id;
    msg->saved_channel = cur_msg->saved_channel;
    msg->saved_vc = cur_msg->saved_vc;
    msg->last_hop = cur_msg->last_hop;
    msg->path_type = cur_msg->path_type;
    msg->vc_index = cur_msg->vc_index;
    msg->output_chan = cur_msg->output_chan;
    msg->is_pull = cur_msg->is_pull;
    msg->pull_size = cur_msg->pull_size;
    msg->intm_group_id = cur_msg->intm_group_id;
    msg->chunk_id = cur_msg->chunk_id;
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    msg->total_size = cur_msg->total_size;
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    msg->packet_size = cur_msg->packet_size;
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    msg->message_id = cur_msg->message_id;
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    msg->local_event_size_bytes = cur_msg->local_event_size_bytes;
    msg->remote_event_size_bytes = cur_msg->remote_event_size_bytes;
    msg->sender_node = cur_msg->sender_node;
    msg->next_stop = cur_msg->next_stop;
    msg->magic = cur_msg->magic;

    if(msg->local_event_size_bytes +  msg->remote_event_size_bytes > 0) {
        void *m_data = model_net_method_get_edata(DRAGONFLY, msg);
        memcpy(m_data, cur_entry->event_data, 
            msg->local_event_size_bytes +  msg->remote_event_size_bytes);
    }
}
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static void dragonfly_read_config(const char * anno, dragonfly_param *params){
    // shorthand
    dragonfly_param *p = params;
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    configuration_get_value_int(&config, "PARAMS", "num_routers", anno,
            &p->num_routers);
    if(p->num_routers <= 0) {
        p->num_routers = 4;
        fprintf(stderr, "Number of dimensions not specified, setting to %d\n",
                p->num_routers);
    }

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    p->num_vcs = 3;
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    configuration_get_value_int(&config, "PARAMS", "local_vc_size", anno, &p->local_vc_size);
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    if(!p->local_vc_size) {
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        p->local_vc_size = 1024;
        fprintf(stderr, "Buffer size of local channels not specified, setting to %d\n", p->local_vc_size);
    }

    configuration_get_value_int(&config, "PARAMS", "global_vc_size", anno, &p->global_vc_size);
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    if(!p->global_vc_size) {
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        p->global_vc_size = 2048;
        fprintf(stderr, "Buffer size of global channels not specified, setting to %d\n", p->global_vc_size);
    }

    configuration_get_value_int(&config, "PARAMS", "cn_vc_size", anno, &p->cn_vc_size);
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    if(!p->cn_vc_size) {
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        p->cn_vc_size = 1024;
        fprintf(stderr, "Buffer size of compute node channels not specified, setting to %d\n", p->cn_vc_size);
    }

    configuration_get_value_int(&config, "PARAMS", "chunk_size", anno, &p->chunk_size);
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    if(!p->chunk_size) {
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        p->chunk_size = 512;
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        fprintf(stderr, "Chunk size for packets is specified, setting to %d\n", p->chunk_size);
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    }

    configuration_get_value_double(&config, "PARAMS", "local_bandwidth", anno, &p->local_bandwidth);
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    if(!p->local_bandwidth) {
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        p->local_bandwidth = 5.25;
        fprintf(stderr, "Bandwidth of local channels not specified, setting to %lf\n", p->local_bandwidth);
    }

    configuration_get_value_double(&config, "PARAMS", "global_bandwidth", anno, &p->global_bandwidth);
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    if(!p->global_bandwidth) {
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        p->global_bandwidth = 4.7;
        fprintf(stderr, "Bandwidth of global channels not specified, setting to %lf\n", p->global_bandwidth);
    }

    configuration_get_value_double(&config, "PARAMS", "cn_bandwidth", anno, &p->cn_bandwidth);
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    if(!p->cn_bandwidth) {
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        p->cn_bandwidth = 5.25;
        fprintf(stderr, "Bandwidth of compute node channels not specified, setting to %lf\n", p->cn_bandwidth);
    }

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    char routing_str[MAX_NAME_LENGTH];
    configuration_get_value(&config, "PARAMS", "routing", anno, routing_str,
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            MAX_NAME_LENGTH);
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    if(strcmp(routing_str, "minimal") == 0)
        routing = MINIMAL;
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    else if(strcmp(routing_str, "nonminimal")==0 || 
            strcmp(routing_str,"non-minimal")==0)
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        routing = NON_MINIMAL;
    else if (strcmp(routing_str, "adaptive") == 0)
        routing = ADAPTIVE;
    else if (strcmp(routing_str, "prog-adaptive") == 0)
	routing = PROG_ADAPTIVE;
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    else
    {
        fprintf(stderr, 
                "No routing protocol specified, setting to minimal routing\n");
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        routing = -1;
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    }

    // set the derived parameters
    p->num_cn = p->num_routers/2;
    p->num_global_channels = p->num_routers/2;
    p->num_groups = p->num_routers * p->num_cn + 1;
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    p->radix = (p->num_cn + p->num_global_channels + p->num_routers);
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    p->total_routers = p->num_groups * p->num_routers;
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    p->total_terminals = p->total_routers * p->num_cn;
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    int rank;
    MPI_Comm_rank(MPI_COMM_WORLD, &rank);
    if(!rank) {
        printf("\n Total nodes %d routers %d groups %d radix %d \n",
                p->num_cn * p->total_routers, p->total_routers, p->num_groups,
                p->radix);
    }
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    p->cn_delay = bytes_to_ns(p->chunk_size, p->cn_bandwidth);
    p->local_delay = bytes_to_ns(p->chunk_size, p->local_bandwidth);
    p->global_delay = bytes_to_ns(p->chunk_size, p->global_bandwidth);
    p->credit_delay = bytes_to_ns(8.0, p->local_bandwidth); //assume 8 bytes packet
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}

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static void dragonfly_configure(){
    anno_map = codes_mapping_get_lp_anno_map(LP_CONFIG_NM);
    assert(anno_map);
    num_params = anno_map->num_annos + (anno_map->has_unanno_lp > 0);
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    all_params = malloc(num_params * sizeof(*all_params));
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    for (uint64_t i = 0; i < anno_map->num_annos; i++){
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        const char * anno = anno_map->annotations[i].ptr;
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        dragonfly_read_config(anno, &all_params[i]);
    }
    if (anno_map->has_unanno_lp > 0){
        dragonfly_read_config(NULL, &all_params[anno_map->num_annos]);
    }
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}

/* report dragonfly statistics like average and maximum packet latency, average number of hops traversed */
static void dragonfly_report_stats()
{
   long long avg_hops, total_finished_packets;
   tw_stime avg_time, max_time;
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   int total_minimal_packets, total_nonmin_packets, total_completed_packets;
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   MPI_Reduce( &total_hops, &avg_hops, 1, MPI_LONG_LONG, MPI_SUM, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
   MPI_Reduce( &N_finished_packets, &total_finished_packets, 1, MPI_LONG_LONG, MPI_SUM, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
   MPI_Reduce( &dragonfly_total_time, &avg_time, 1,MPI_DOUBLE, MPI_SUM, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
   MPI_Reduce( &dragonfly_max_latency, &max_time, 1, MPI_DOUBLE, MPI_MAX, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
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   if(routing == ADAPTIVE || routing == PROG_ADAPTIVE)
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    {
	MPI_Reduce(&minimal_count, &total_minimal_packets, 1, MPI_INT, MPI_SUM, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
 	MPI_Reduce(&nonmin_count, &total_nonmin_packets, 1, MPI_INT, MPI_SUM, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
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 	MPI_Reduce(&completed_packets, &total_completed_packets, 1, MPI_INT, MPI_SUM, 0, MPI_COMM_WORLD);
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    }
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   /* print statistics */
   if(!g_tw_mynode)
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   {	
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      printf(" Average number of hops traversed %f average message latency %lf us maximum message latency %lf us avg time %lf \n", (float)avg_hops/total_finished_packets, avg_time/(total_finished_packets*1000), max_time/1000, avg_time);
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     if(routing == ADAPTIVE || routing == PROG_ADAPTIVE)
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              printf("\n ADAPTIVE ROUTING STATS: %d percent packets routed minimally %d percent packets routed non-minimally completed packets %d ", total_minimal_packets, total_nonmin_packets, total_completed_packets);
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  }
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   return;
}
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void dragonfly_collective_init(terminal_state * s,
           		   tw_lp * lp)
{
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    // TODO: be annotation-aware
    codes_mapping_get_lp_info(lp->gid, lp_group_name, &mapping_grp_id, NULL,
            &mapping_type_id, NULL, &mapping_rep_id, &mapping_offset);
    int num_lps = codes_mapping_get_lp_count(lp_group_name, 1, LP_CONFIG_NM,
            NULL, 1);
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    int num_reps = codes_mapping_get_group_reps(lp_group_name);
    s->node_id = (mapping_rep_id * num_lps) + mapping_offset;

    int i;
   /* handle collective operations by forming a tree of all the LPs */
   /* special condition for root of the tree */
   if( s->node_id == 0)
    {
        s->parent_node_id = -1;
        s->is_root = 1;
   }
   else
   {
       s->parent_node_id = (s->node_id - ((s->node_id - 1) % TREE_DEGREE)) / TREE_DEGREE;
       s->is_root = 0;
   }
   s->children = (tw_lpid*)malloc(TREE_DEGREE * sizeof(tw_lpid));

   /* set the isleaf to zero by default */
   s->is_leaf = 1;
   s->num_children = 0;

   /* calculate the children of the current node. If its a leaf, no need to set children,
      only set isleaf and break the loop*/

   for( i = 0; i < TREE_DEGREE; i++ )
    {
        tw_lpid next_child = (TREE_DEGREE * s->node_id) + i + 1;
        if(next_child < (num_lps * num_reps))
        {
            s->num_children++;
            s->is_leaf = 0;
            s->children[i] = next_child;
        }
        else
           s->children[i] = -1;
    }

#if DRAGONFLY_COLLECTIVE_DEBUG == 1
   printf("\n LP %ld parent node id ", s->node_id);

   for( i = 0; i < TREE_DEGREE; i++ )
        printf(" child node ID %ld ", s->children[i]);
   printf("\n");

   if(s->is_leaf)
        printf("\n LP %ld is leaf ", s->node_id);
#endif
}

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/* initialize a dragonfly compute node terminal */
void 
terminal_init( terminal_state * s, 
	       tw_lp * lp )
{
    uint32_t h1 = 0, h2 = 0; 
    bj_hashlittle2(LP_METHOD_NM, strlen(LP_METHOD_NM), &h1, &h2);
    terminal_magic_num = h1 + h2;
    
    int i;
    char anno[MAX_NAME_LENGTH];

    // Assign the global router ID
    // TODO: be annotation-aware
    codes_mapping_get_lp_info(lp->gid, lp_group_name, &mapping_grp_id, NULL,
            &mapping_type_id, anno, &mapping_rep_id, &mapping_offset);
    if (anno[0] == '\0'){
        s->anno = NULL;
        s->params = &all_params[num_params-1];
    }
    else{
        s->anno = strdup(anno);
        int id = configuration_get_annotation_index(anno, anno_map);
        s->params = &all_params[id];
    }

   int num_lps = codes_mapping_get_lp_count(lp_group_name, 1, LP_CONFIG_NM,
           s->anno, 0);

   s->terminal_id = (mapping_rep_id * num_lps) + mapping_offset;  
   s->router_id=(int)s->terminal_id / (s->params->num_routers/2);
   s->terminal_available_time = 0.0;
   s->packet_counter = 0;

   s->num_vcs = 1;
   s->vc_occupancy = (int*)malloc(s->num_vcs * sizeof(int));

   for( i = 0; i < s->num_vcs; i++ )
    {
      s->vc_occupancy[i]=0;
    }

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   s->rank_tbl = qhash_init(dragonfly_rank_hash_compare, quickhash_64bit_hash, DFLY_HASH_TABLE_SIZE);

   if(!s->rank_tbl)
       tw_error(TW_LOC, "\n Hash table not initialized! ");

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   s->terminal_msgs = 
       (terminal_message_list**)malloc(1*sizeof(terminal_message_list*));
   s->terminal_msgs_tail = 
       (terminal_message_list**)malloc(1*sizeof(terminal_message_list*));
   s->terminal_msgs[0] = NULL;
   s->terminal_msgs_tail[0] = NULL;
   s->in_send_loop = 0;

   dragonfly_collective_init(s, lp);
   return;
}


/* sets up the router virtual channels, global channels, 
 * local channels, compute node channels */
void router_setup(router_state * r, tw_lp * lp)
684
{
685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726
    uint32_t h1 = 0, h2 = 0; 
    bj_hashlittle2(LP_METHOD_NM, strlen(LP_METHOD_NM), &h1, &h2);
    router_magic_num = h1 + h2;
    
    char anno[MAX_NAME_LENGTH];
    codes_mapping_get_lp_info(lp->gid, lp_group_name, &mapping_grp_id, NULL,
            &mapping_type_id, anno, &mapping_rep_id, &mapping_offset);

    if (anno[0] == '\0'){
        r->anno = NULL;
        r->params = &all_params[num_params-1];
    } else{
        r->anno = strdup(anno);
        int id = configuration_get_annotation_index(anno, anno_map);
        r->params = &all_params[id];
    }

    // shorthand
    const dragonfly_param *p = r->params;

   r->router_id=mapping_rep_id + mapping_offset;
   r->group_id=r->router_id/p->num_routers;

   r->global_channel = (int*)malloc(p->num_global_channels * sizeof(int));
   r->next_output_available_time = (tw_stime*)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(tw_stime));
   r->next_credit_available_time = (tw_stime*)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(tw_stime));
   r->cur_hist_start_time = (tw_stime*)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(tw_stime));
   r->link_traffic = (int*)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(int));
   r->cur_hist_num = (int*)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(int));
   r->prev_hist_num = (int*)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(int));
   
   r->vc_occupancy = (int**)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(int*));
   r->in_send_loop = (int*)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(int));
   r->pending_msgs = 
    (terminal_message_list***)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(terminal_message_list**));
   r->pending_msgs_tail = 
    (terminal_message_list***)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(terminal_message_list**));
   r->queued_msgs = 
    (terminal_message_list***)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(terminal_message_list**));
   r->queued_msgs_tail = 
    (terminal_message_list***)malloc(p->radix * sizeof(terminal_message_list**));
  
727
   for(int i=0; i < p->radix; i++)
728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746
    {
       // Set credit & router occupancy
	r->next_output_available_time[i]=0;
        r->next_credit_available_time[i]=0;
	r->cur_hist_start_time[i] = 0;
        r->link_traffic[i]=0;
	r->cur_hist_num[i] = 0;
	r->prev_hist_num[i] = 0;
        
        r->in_send_loop[i] = 0;
        r->vc_occupancy[i] = (int*)malloc(p->num_vcs * sizeof(int));
        r->pending_msgs[i] = (terminal_message_list**)malloc(p->num_vcs * 
            sizeof(terminal_message_list*));
        r->pending_msgs_tail[i] = (terminal_message_list**)malloc(p->num_vcs * 
            sizeof(terminal_message_list*));
        r->queued_msgs[i] = (terminal_message_list**)malloc(p->num_vcs * 
            sizeof(terminal_message_list*));
        r->queued_msgs_tail[i] = (terminal_message_list**)malloc(p->num_vcs * 
            sizeof(terminal_message_list*));
747
        for(int j = 0; j < p->num_vcs; j++) {
748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756
            r->vc_occupancy[i][j] = 0;
            r->pending_msgs[i][j] = NULL;
            r->pending_msgs_tail[i][j] = NULL;
            r->queued_msgs[i][j] = NULL;
            r->queued_msgs_tail[i][j] = NULL;
        }
    }

#if DEBUG == 1
757
//   printf("\n LP ID %d VC occupancy radix %d Router %d is connected to ", lp->gid, p->radix, r->router_id);
758 759 760 761
#endif 
   //round the number of global channels to the nearest even number
#if USE_DIRECT_SCHEME
       int first = r->router_id % p->num_routers;
762
       for(int i=0; i < p->num_global_channels; i++)
763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775
        {
            int target_grp = first;
            if(target_grp == r->group_id) {
                target_grp = p->num_groups - 1;
            }
            int my_pos = r->group_id % p->num_routers;
            if(r->group_id == p->num_groups - 1) {
                my_pos = target_grp % p->num_routers;
            }
            r->global_channel[i] = target_grp * p->num_routers + my_pos;
            first += p->num_routers;
        }
#else
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   int router_offset = (r->router_id % p->num_routers) * 
    (p->num_global_channels / 2) + 1;
   for(int i=0; i < p->num_global_channels; i++)
779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806
    {
      if(i % 2 != 0)
          {
             r->global_channel[i]=(r->router_id + (router_offset * p->num_routers))%p->total_routers;
             router_offset++;
          }
          else
           {
             r->global_channel[i]=r->router_id - ((router_offset) * p->num_routers);
           }
        if(r->global_channel[i]<0)
         {
           r->global_channel[i]=p->total_routers+r->global_channel[i]; 
	 }
#if DEBUG == 1
    printf("\n channel %d ", r->global_channel[i]);
#endif 
    }
#endif

#if DEBUG == 1
   printf("\n");
#endif
   return;
}	


/* dragonfly packet event , generates a dragonfly packet on the compute node */
807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816
static tw_stime dragonfly_packet_event(
        model_net_request const * req,
        uint64_t message_offset,
        uint64_t packet_size,
        tw_stime offset,
        mn_sched_params const * sched_params,
        void const * remote_event,
        void const * self_event,
        tw_lp *sender,
        int is_last_pckt)
817
{
818 819 820 821 822
    tw_event * e_new;
    tw_stime xfer_to_nic_time;
    terminal_message * msg;
    char* tmp_ptr;

823 824 825 826
    xfer_to_nic_time = codes_local_latency(sender); 
    //printf("\n transfer in time %f %f ", xfer_to_nic_time+offset, tw_now(sender));
    //e_new = tw_event_new(sender->gid, xfer_to_nic_time+offset, sender);
    //msg = tw_event_data(e_new);
827 828
    e_new = model_net_method_event_new(sender->gid, xfer_to_nic_time+offset,
            sender, DRAGONFLY, (void**)&msg, (void**)&tmp_ptr);
829 830
    strcpy(msg->category, req->category);
    msg->final_dest_gid = req->final_dest_lp;
831
    msg->total_size = req->msg_size;
832
    msg->sender_lp=req->src_lp;
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    msg->packet_size = packet_size;
    msg->remote_event_size_bytes = 0;
    msg->local_event_size_bytes = 0;
    msg->type = T_GENERATE;
837
    msg->dest_terminal_id = req->dest_mn_lp;
838
    msg->message_id = req->msg_id;
839 840
    msg->is_pull = req->is_pull;
    msg->pull_size = req->pull_size;
841 842
    msg->magic = terminal_magic_num; 
 
843 844
    if(is_last_pckt) /* Its the last packet so pass in remote and local event information*/
      {
845
	if(req->remote_event_size > 0)
846
	 {
847 848 849
		msg->remote_event_size_bytes = req->remote_event_size;
		memcpy(tmp_ptr, remote_event, req->remote_event_size);
		tmp_ptr += req->remote_event_size;
850
	}
851
	if(req->self_event_size > 0)
852
	{
853 854 855
		msg->local_event_size_bytes = req->self_event_size;
		memcpy(tmp_ptr, self_event, req->self_event_size);
		tmp_ptr += req->self_event_size;
856 857
	}
     }
858
	   //printf("\n dragonfly remote event %d local event %d last packet %d %lf ", msg->remote_event_size_bytes, msg->local_event_size_bytes, is_last_pckt, xfer_to_nic_time);
859
    tw_event_send(e_new);
860
    return xfer_to_nic_time;
861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869
}

/* dragonfly packet event reverse handler */
static void dragonfly_packet_event_rc(tw_lp *sender)
{
	  codes_local_latency_reverse(sender);
	    return;
}

870 871 872
/* given two group IDs, find the router of the src_gid that connects to the dest_gid*/
tw_lpid getRouterFromGroupID(int dest_gid, 
		    int src_gid,
873 874
		    int num_routers,
                    int total_groups)
875
{
876 877 878 879 880 881 882
#if USE_DIRECT_SCHEME
  int dest = dest_gid;
  if(dest == total_groups - 1) {
      dest = src_gid;
  }
  return src_gid * num_routers + (dest % num_routers);
#else
883 884 885
  int group_begin = src_gid * num_routers;
  int group_end = (src_gid * num_routers) + num_routers-1;
  int offset = (dest_gid * num_routers - group_begin) / num_routers;
886
  
887 888
  if((dest_gid * num_routers) < group_begin)
    offset = (group_begin - dest_gid * num_routers) / num_routers; // take absolute value
889
  
890 891
  int half_channel = num_routers / 4;
  int index = (offset - 1)/(half_channel * num_routers);
892
  
893
  offset=(offset - 1) % (half_channel * num_routers);
894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903

  // If the destination router is in the same group
  tw_lpid router_id;

  if(index % 2 != 0)
    router_id = group_end - (offset / half_channel); // start from the end
  else
    router_id = group_begin + (offset / half_channel);

  return router_id;
904
#endif
905 906 907
}	

/*When a packet is sent from the current router and a buffer slot becomes available, a credit is sent back to schedule another packet event*/
908 909
void router_credit_send(router_state * s, tw_bf * bf, terminal_message * msg, 
  tw_lp * lp, int sq) {
910 911 912 913
  tw_event * buf_e;
  tw_stime ts;
  terminal_message * buf_msg;

914
  int dest = 0,  type = R_BUFFER;
915
  int is_terminal = 0;
916

917
  const dragonfly_param *p = s->params;
918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930
 
  // Notify sender terminal about available buffer space
  if(msg->last_hop == TERMINAL) {
    dest = msg->src_terminal_id;
    type = T_BUFFER;
    is_terminal = 1;
  } else if(msg->last_hop == GLOBAL) {
    dest = msg->intm_lp_id;
  } else if(msg->last_hop == LOCAL) {
    dest = msg->intm_lp_id;
  } else
    printf("\n Invalid message type");

931
  ts = g_tw_lookahead + p->credit_delay +  tw_rand_unif(lp->rng);
932
	
933 934 935 936 937 938 939 940 941 942 943 944 945 946
  if (is_terminal) {
    buf_e = model_net_method_event_new(dest, ts, lp, DRAGONFLY, 
      (void**)&buf_msg, NULL);
    buf_msg->magic = terminal_magic_num;
  } else {
    buf_e = tw_event_new(dest, ts , lp);
    buf_msg = tw_event_data(buf_e);
    buf_msg->magic = router_magic_num;
  }
 
  if(sq == -1) {
    buf_msg->vc_index = msg->vc_index;
    buf_msg->output_chan = msg->output_chan;
  } else {
947
    buf_msg->vc_index = msg->saved_vc;
948 949 950 951
    buf_msg->output_chan = msg->saved_channel;
  }
  
  buf_msg->type = type;
952

953 954
  tw_event_send(buf_e);
  return;
955 956
}

957
void packet_generate_rc(terminal_state * s, tw_bf * bf, terminal_message * msg, tw_lp * lp)
958
{
959 960 961
   term_rev_ecount++;
   term_ecount--;

962 963
   tw_rand_reverse_unif(lp->rng);

964 965 966
   int num_chunks = msg->packet_size/s->params->chunk_size;
   if(msg->packet_size % s->params->chunk_size)
       num_chunks++;
967

968
   if(!num_chunks)
969
       num_chunks = 1;
970

971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981
   int i;
   for(i = 0; i < num_chunks; i++) {
        delete_terminal_message_list(return_tail(s->terminal_msgs, 
          s->terminal_msgs_tail, 0));
   }
    if(bf->c5) {
        tw_rand_reverse_unif(lp->rng);
        s->in_send_loop = 0;
    }
     struct mn_stats* stat;
     stat = model_net_find_stats(msg->category, s->dragonfly_stats_array);
982 983 984 985
     stat->send_count--;
     stat->send_bytes -= msg->packet_size;
     stat->send_time -= (1/s->params->cn_bandwidth) * msg->packet_size;
}
986

987
/* generates packet at the current dragonfly compute node */
988 989 990
void packet_generate(terminal_state * s, tw_bf * bf, terminal_message * msg, 
  tw_lp * lp) {
  term_ecount++;
991

992
  tw_stime ts;
993

994
  assert(lp->gid != msg->dest_terminal_id);
995
  const dragonfly_param *p = s->params;
996

997
  ts = g_tw_lookahead + s->params->cn_delay + tw_rand_unif(lp->rng);
998
  model_net_method_idle_event(codes_local_latency(lp), 0, lp);
999

1000 1001 1002
  int i, total_event_size;
  int num_chunks = msg->packet_size / p->chunk_size;
  if (msg->packet_size % s->params->chunk_size) num_chunks++;
1003 1004 1005 1006

  if(!num_chunks)
    num_chunks = 1;

1007
  msg->packet_ID = lp->gid + g_tw_nlp * s->packet_counter;
1008 1009 1010 1011 1012
  msg->travel_start_time = tw_now(lp);
  msg->my_N_hop = 0;
  msg->my_l_hop = 0;
  msg->my_g_hop = 0;
  msg->intm_group_id = -1;
1013

1014 1015 1016
  if(msg->packet_ID == TRACK && msg->message_id == TRACK_MSG)
      printf("\n Packet generated at terminal %d destination %d ", lp->gid, s->router_id);

1017 1018 1019 1020 1021
  for(i = 0; i < num_chunks; i++)
  {
    terminal_message_list *cur_chunk = (terminal_message_list*)malloc(
      sizeof(terminal_message_list));
    init_terminal_message_list(cur_chunk, msg);
1022

1023 1024 1025 1026 1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036
    if(msg->remote_event_size_bytes + msg->local_event_size_bytes > 0) {
      cur_chunk->event_data = (char*)malloc(
          msg->remote_event_size_bytes + msg->local_event_size_bytes);
    }
    
    void * m_data_src = model_net_method_get_edata(DRAGONFLY, msg);
    if (msg->remote_event_size_bytes){
      memcpy(cur_chunk->event_data, m_data_src, msg->remote_event_size_bytes);
    }
    if (msg->local_event_size_bytes){ 
      m_data_src = (char*)m_data_src + msg->remote_event_size_bytes;
      memcpy((char*)cur_chunk->event_data + msg->remote_event_size_bytes, 
          m_data_src, msg->local_event_size_bytes);
    }
1037

1038 1039 1040 1041
    cur_chunk->msg.chunk_id = i;
    append_to_terminal_message_list(s->terminal_msgs, s->terminal_msgs_tail,
      0, cur_chunk);
  }
1042

1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 1049 1050 1051 1052 1053
  if(s->in_send_loop == 0) {
    bf->c5 = 1;
    terminal_message *m;
    ts = g_tw_lookahead + s->params->cn_delay + tw_rand_unif(lp->rng);
    tw_event* e = model_net_method_event_new(lp->gid, ts, lp, DRAGONFLY, 
      (void**)&m, NULL);
    m->type = T_SEND;
    m->magic = terminal_magic_num;
    s->in_send_loop = 1;
    tw_event_send(e);
  }
1054

1055 1056 1057 1058 1059 1060 1061 1062
  total_event_size = model_net_get_msg_sz(DRAGONFLY) + 
      msg->remote_event_size_bytes + msg->local_event_size_bytes;
  mn_stats* stat;
  stat = model_net_find_stats(msg->category, s->dragonfly_stats_array);
  stat->send_count++;
  stat->send_bytes += msg->packet_size;
  stat->send_time += (1/p->cn_bandwidth) * msg->packet_size;
  if(stat->max_event_size < total_event_size)
1063
	  stat->max_event_size = total_event_size;
1064

1065 1066 1067
  return;
}

1068 1069
void packet_send_rc(terminal_state * s, tw_bf * bf, terminal_message * msg,
        tw_lp * lp)
1070
{
1071 1072
      term_ecount--;
      term_rev_ecount++;
1073

1074 1075 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 1085 1086
      if(bf->c1) {
        s->in_send_loop = 1;
        return;
      }
      
      s->terminal_available_time = msg->saved_available_time;
      tw_rand_reverse_unif(lp->rng);
      if(bf->c2) {
        codes_local_latency_reverse(lp);
      }
     
      s->packet_counter--;
      s->vc_occupancy[0] -= s->params->chunk_size;
1087

1088 1089 1090 1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106
      create_prepend_to_terminal_message_list(s->terminal_msgs,
          s->terminal_msgs_tail, 0, msg);
      if(bf->c3) {
        tw_rand_reverse_unif(lp->rng);
      }
      if(bf->c4) {
        s->in_send_loop = 1;
      }
    return;
}
/* sends the packet from the current dragonfly compute node to the attached router */
void packet_send(terminal_state * s, tw_bf * bf, terminal_message * msg, 
  tw_lp * lp) {
  
  term_ecount++;
  tw_stime ts;
  tw_event *e;
  terminal_message *m;
  tw_lpid router_id;
1107

1108 1109 1110 1111 1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118
  terminal_message_list* cur_entry = s->terminal_msgs[0];

  if(s->vc_occupancy[0] + s->params->chunk_size > s->params->cn_vc_size 
      || cur_entry == NULL) {
    bf->c1 = 1;
    s->in_send_loop = 0;
    //printf("[%d] Skipping send %d %d\n", lp->gid, cur_entry == NULL, 
    //  (s->vc_occupancy[0] + s->params->chunk_size > s->params->cn_vc_size));
    return;
  }